November 27, 2021

How do you understand the "employment shortage" in the United States and the "labor shortage" in Japan?

Today, as usual, I read the morning news, and there was a big news on the paper: US President Barack Obama’s eight-year US term has arrived, and today he is preparing to deliver a resignation oath, and in the next 10 days, the Democrats will be Trump took over as the president of the United States, opening the next generation of American political and economic culture and Obama's very different term.

How do you understand the "employment shortage" in the United States and the "labor shortage" in Japan?

Today, the US media has again exposed the meeting of Ali Group Ma Yun and Trump. Ali said that he will provide 1 million jobs for the United States in the future. The specific measures are to encourage US SMEs to enter the Ali platform through capital injection to realize Ali E-commerce globally. Economic Integration.

Trump’s 100-day plan after he was elected president expressed his intention to increase the GDP growth rate and generate 25 million new jobs through “tax reduction and simplifying tax laws.” “Stop the offshore bill, through the establishment of tariffs. "Suppressing some of the company's global behavior" and other measures to solve the problem of immigration and employment in the United States, and in the previous employment plan, Trump had planned to repatriate the Apple iPhone to the country, and Foxconn will build a factory in the United States. A series of issues are all increasing employment opportunities in the United States and increasing the employment rate in the United States.

How do you understand the "employment shortage" in the United States and the "labor shortage" in Japan?

On the issue of increasing the employment rate in the United States, Trump is a painstaking effort to operate. At the beginning of December last year, Trump also personally met with Sunsoft, CEO of Softbank, who later said that he would invest $50 billion in the United States and create 50,000 jobs.

Later, the US communications company Sprint also confirmed that it will bring back 5,000 jobs overseas, and also said that another communication company OneWeb will also bring back 3,000 jobs in the United States from overseas. The employment opportunities that the two companies have returned to the country and brought from overseas may also be attributed to Softbank Sun Justice. It is reported that Sprint and OneWeb are the investment targets of Sun Yin, the CEO of Softbank. In 2012, Softbank acquired the US carrier Sprint Holdings for US$22 billion, while OneWeb received $1.2 billion from Softbank after the US election to enhance the coverage of Sprint base stations in the United States.

According to data from the Federal Reserve last December, the US employment market condition index (LMCI) in December 2016 recorded -0.3, which was worse than the expected 1.33 and far below the previous value. Although the overall recruitment pattern in the US job market today is better than in previous years, heavy student debt and low wages still plague new employees. According to another US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the current job vacancies have reached a historical peak. At the end of February 2016, there were nearly 5.4 million job vacancies, mainly concentrated in the education industry and government departments.

Compared with the “employment shortage” in the United States, Japan’s “labor shortage” seems to be more serious.

It is reported that while Japan's aging is intensifying, it has further aggravated the continued decline of Japan's total population. According to the latest data released by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Japan’s effective job-seeking ratio (number of job-seekers per job seeker) in November 2016 was 1.41 times, a record high since July 1991.

How do you understand the "employment shortage" in the United States and the "labor shortage" in Japan?

According to the Japan Statistical Yearbook 2017, the total number of unemployed people in Japan has decreased from 3.34 million in 2010 to 2.22 million in 2015, and the total unemployment rate has dropped from 5.1% to 3.4%. The corresponding effective effective ratio has risen from 0.52 in 2010 to 1.20 in 2015, which means that the number of jobs for each job seeker has more than doubled, and the number of jobs has exceeded the number of candidates.

Nowadays, many young people on the streets of Japan can send job flyers. Although the young people of Japanese companies work hard, it does not mean that Japan has a lot of employment pressure. On the contrary, Japan’s low fertility rate and labor shortage have highlighted employment. The shortage of demand is becoming more and more serious.

Because the company can't recruit people, lack talents and labor workers, and indirectly accelerate the development of robots. Omron said that he would reduce the human operation process by 50% and introduce robots to replace part of the labor force. The goal is to increase production efficiency by two times in 2020.

Similarly, at the Osaka Innovation Center under the Osaka Economic Strategy Bureau, a startup company has developed a nursing robot arm that can replace two or three people and carry patients from bed to wheelchair.

In order to solve the problem of insufficient labor, in addition to accelerating technological innovation, enterprises also innovate in management to improve efficiency.

In recent years, the number of foreign workers has also increased significantly. Many Japanese travel companies and intermediaries work in more and more Chinese. Even many companies are founded by Chinese themselves, but they still cannot solve the shortage of labor within a short period of time. The problem.

Summary: Compared with the bubble economy in the US market, high personal debt and higher taxes in the industry may be one of the reasons for the downturn in the US job market. It is reported that many graduates still carry tens of thousands of high loans after leaving school. The employment situation can be imagined. On the contrary, the population structure of Japan has become more aging in recent years. The population share of young people is generally low. The pressure on young people is huge, but there is still a problem of “employment difficulties” in corporate recruitment. This is related to the Japanese culture and policies, and part-time employees. A substantial increase, wages are generally low, artificial intelligence has risen in the field of industrial manufacturing, and industrial automation has intensified, all of which have had a certain impact on the current "labor shortage" problem in Japan.

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